"Odisha (formerly spelled as Orissa) is located in eastern India, surrounded by the states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Odisha has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. Odisha has been divided into three revenue divisions, each consisting of ten districts with further sub-division into 58 Sub-Divisions, 317 Tahasils and 314 Blocks.
Odisha contains a fifth of India's coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserves and most of the chromite. Steel and power were among the sectors which attracted maximum investments in the state.
According to the 2018 census of India, the total population of Odisha is 46,143,782, of which 21,201,678 (50.54%) are male and 20,745,680 (49.46%) are female, or 978 females per 1000 males. This represents a 13.97% increase over the population in 2001. The population density is 269 per km2. The literacy rate is 73%, with 82% of males and 64% of females being literate, according to the 2011 census.
The economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with ₹4.16 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹81,000. Odisha ranks 25th among Indian states in human development index. It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. The state also has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India.
The state capital and largest city of the state, Bhubaneswar, is the first city in the list of smart cities released in January 2016, by the central Government's Urban Development Ministry and has been marked with sanction of Rs.508.02 billion over the five years for development.
In 2009 Odisha was the second top domestic investment destination with 12.6 percent, worth ₹.2,00,846 crore of the total investment in the country.
The proportion of people living below the poverty line in 2004–2005 was 57.15% which was nearly double the Indian average of 26.10%. Since 2005 the state has reduced poverty rate dramatically by 24.6 percentage points.According to current estimate proportion of people living under poverty line was 32.6%
NIAM started its first project of DDU-GKY in March 2015 with its first state-of-the-art SKill Development Training Center established in Bhubaneswar. The first cycle of 140 candidates completed training and was successfully placed with different companies across the northern and southern India. The model was replicated further to expand to a total of 6 training centers and training capacity of 1330 candidates in a cycle within Odisha."
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